Excerpts from my life, Islam

An Overview on Jinns.

Bismillahir  Rahmaanir  Raheem

 

INTRODUCTION

Jinns  are  a  part  of  Allah’s  makhlooq.  Allah  created  them  before  humans  from  smokeless  flame  of  fire  (Al  Hijr,  26-27).  Ibn  Abbas  said,  “It  is  the  smokeless  flame  that  kills.”  Abdullah  ibn  Mas’ud  narrated  that  the  Prophet  (salallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  said  that  the  smokeless  flame  is  one  of  the  seventy  parts  of  the  smokeless  fire  from  which  Jinns  were  created  (Tafseer  ibn  Katheer).

Ibn  Abbaas,  Ikrimah,  and  others  interpret  marajin-min-nar,  to  be  the  utmost  severity  of  the  flame.  or  to  be  from  the  best  part  of  flame.  Imam  Nawawi  mentioned  in  his  explanation  to  Sahih  Muslim  that  the  smokeless  flame  mixed  with  blackness  of  fire  (Ibn  Katheer).

 

TYPES  OF  JINN

There  are  three  types  of  Jinn  (At-Tabarani  and  Al-Hakim):  

· one  that  can  fly,  

· one  in  form  of  snakes  and  dogs,  and  

· one  which  resides  and  roams  about  in  a  particular  locality.

THE  QAREEN

In  a  narration  by  Ibn  Masood,  Prophet  (salallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  said  that  for  every  human  has  been  appointed  a  constant  jinn  companion  known  as  the  Qareen  (Muslim,  2814)  The  hadith  is  a  reference  to  the  fitnah  caused  its  whispers.  

THEIR  POWERS

Allah  subhana  wa  ta’ala  has  blessed  the  jinns  with  certain  powers  which  we  come  to  know  via  many  Qur’anic  verses  and  hadiths.  Few  of  them  are-

· Speed:  Jinns  can  move  from  one  place  to  another  very  fast.  The  tale  of  an  ifreet  has  been  narrated  in  Qur’an  who  promised  Sulayman  (alayhis  salam)  that  he  would  bring  the  throne  of  the  queen  of  Sheba  to  Jerusalem  faster  than  a  man  gets  up  from  his  seat  (An-Naml,  39-40).

 

· Invisibility:  Humans  cannot  see  Jinn  but  they  can  see  us  (Al-Ar’af,  27).  In  Surah  Al-A’raf,  Allah  warns  us  against  the  plot  of  Iblees  and  his  followers.  The  root  of  this  enmity  lies  from  the  time  of  Adam  (alayhi  salam).  It  was  the  plot  of  Iblees  which  expelled  Adam  (alayhi  salam)  from  Paradise  and  caused  his  privates  to  be  uncovered  (Ibn  Katheer).  

 

· Precedence  in  matters  of  space:  The  Jinns  used  to  approach  the  heaven  to  be  in  contact  with  it  and  eavesdrop  whatever  Allah  allowed  them  to  hear  from  the  news  of  heaven  (Al  Jinn,  8-9).

 

· Knowledge  in  building  and  other  crafts:  By  Allah’s  will  Prophet  Sulaymaan  ruled  over  Jinns  and  under  his  command  they  constructed  structures  like  Synagogues  and  statues,  basins  like  wells  and  boilers  built  into  the  ground  (Saba,  12-13).  It  may  also  be  estimated  that  they  have  ability  to  communicate  and  travel  wirelessly (Al-Ashqar,  1998)

 

· Ability  to  change  forms-  Several  narrations  have  been  recorded  where  shaytaan  took  human  forms.  In  the  battle  of  Badr,  shaytaan  took  form  of  Suraaqa  ibn-Malik  and  promised  victory  to  the  enemies.  Allah  thereby  revealed  the  following  verses-  “And  when  Satan  made  their  deeds  seem  fair  to  them  and  said:  No  one  of  mankind  can  conquer  you  this  day,  for  I  am  your  protector.”  (al-Anfaal,  48).

 

In  a  narration  by  Abu  Hurayrah,  shaytaan  entered  his  home  on  two  consecutive  days  to  steal  only  to  be  caught  red  handed.  On  being  caught  the  third  time,  he  plead  to  be  spared  and  advised  Abu  Hurayrah  to  recite  Ayatul  Kursi  each  night  and  a  guardian  from  Allah  would  guard  him.  The  Prophet  (salallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  said  that  this  thief  was  the  shaytaan  who  told  the  truth,  though  he  is  a  liar  (Bukhari).

 

· Ability  to  flow  in  blood  of  humans:  An  incident  has  been  narrated  in  the  two  Sahihs  where  once  two  sahabis  saw  the  Prophet  (salallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  with  his  wife  and  he  clarified  that  it  was  his  wife  because  shaytaan  flows  in  humans  like  blood.  Thus,  shaytaan  may  cast  evil  thoughts  in  their  minds.

 

 

NO  POWER  OVER  ALLAH’S  WORSHIPPERS

Allah  mentions  in  Surah  Al-Isra  verse  65  that  the  jinns  have  no  control  over  His  (subhana  wa  ta’ala)  bondsmen.  Iblees  swore  to  lead  mankind  astray  except  those  who  are  the  perfect  slaves  of  Allah  (Al-Hijr,  39-40)

Yet,  we  see  Muslims  being  overpowered  by  Shaytaan.  This  happens  due  to  their  own  sins  (Al-Haakim  and  Al-Baiqahi)

 

THEIR  SOCIETY

The  jinns  dwell  on  earth  like  mankind.  They  are  usually  found  in  ruins,  barren  lands  and  toilets.  Thus,  the  Prophet  (salallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  asked  us  to  seek  refuge  in  Allah  from  male  and  female  jinns  when  entering  toilets  (Al-Bukhaari,  142).  We  also  learn  that  there  are  both  male  and  female  jinns.  The  Qur’an  describes  spouses  of  paradise  to  be  untouched  by  both  men  and  jinn  (Ar-Rahmaan,  60).  Like  humans,  they  marry,  procreate,  have  relatives  and  die.  Similarly,  there  are  both  muslim  and  non-muslim  jinns  (Al-Jinn,  14-15).  Additionally,  they  have  different  levels  of  righteousness  and  taqwa  too  (Al-Jinn,  11)

 

CONCLUSION  (PROTECTION  FROM  JINNS)

Since  Jinns  can  see  us,  while  we  cannot,  the  Prophet  (salallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  on  many  occasions  asked  to  seek  protection  from  them.  Jinns  can  cast  evil  eye  on  humans.  The  Prophet  (salallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  once  saw  a  maid  with  a  black  spot  on  her  face  and  asked  her  to  be  treated  by  ruqya  since  a  jinn  had  casted  evil  eye  on  her  (Bukhari).  

The  Prophet  (salallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  sought  protection  from  jinns  by  reciting  Surah  al-Falaq  and  an-Naas  (Tirmidhi  3/266)  

Allah  says  in  the  Qur’an  to  seek  refuge  from  shaytaan’s  whisperings  and  from  him  coming  in  proximity  to  us  (Al-Mu’minoon,  97-98).

Reciting  Bismillah  before  entering  home,  entering  washrooms,  sexual  intercourse,  meals,  changing  clothes  and  drinking  water  also  protects  us  from  them.  We  have  been  commanded  to  bring  children  indoors,  shut  doors  and  water  containers  with  the  name  of  Allah  after  sunset  and  to  put  off  lights  at  bedtime  to  prevent  evil  from  shayateen  (Bukhari  10/88)  

Lastly,  a  person  with  strong  imaan  will  always  overpower  a  jinn  if  they  were  to  wrestle.  It  has  been  reported  by  Al-Daarimi  (3247)  that  the  shaytaan  comes  out  of  the  house  like  a  donkey  breaking  wind  and  does  not  return  until  next  morning  


BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Al-Qur’an

2. Tafseer  ibn  Katheer  available  at  

http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3000&Itemid=731

3. As-Sa’di,  Abdur-Rahmaan,(2004)  Tafseer  As-Sa’di  part  29,  Riyadh:  Darussalam

4. Al-Ashqar,  Dr.  Umar,(1998)  The  World  of  the  Jinns  and  Devils,  Available  at  www.kalamullah.com

5. Bali,  Wahid  abl-al  Salam,  How  to  Protect  Yourself  from  Shaytaan  and  Jinn,  2nd  Ed.,  London,  Al-Firdous  Ltd,  available  at  

http://www.islamicbulletin.org/free_downloads/other/how_to_protect_yourself.pdf

6. Al-Quahtani,  Sa’id  bin  Wahf,  Fortress  of  Muslim,  Darussalam

7. Al-Bukhari,  Muhammad,  (870),  Sahih  Bukhari  available  at  www.sunnah.com

8. Al-Naysaburi,  Muslim,  Sahih  Muslim  available  at  www.sunnah.com

9. As-Sijistani,  Abu  Dawud  Sulaymaan,  Sunan  Abi  Dawud,  available  at  www.sunnah.com

10. At-Tirmidhi,  Abu  Isa  Muhammad,  Jami  at-Tirmidhi,  available  at  www.sunnah.com

11. The  world  of  Jinn  and  Shaytaan,  https://islamqa.info/en/2340

 

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8 thoughts on “An Overview on Jinns.

  1. Jazakallah Khair for sharing sister. I never forget to say Authu bilahi mina shaytaani rajeem. Bismillahi rahmani raheem as this little prayer protects me from every evil including the jinn which are everywhere. I also enter the toilet with my left leg first.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Jinns fear humans with imaan. Ruqya and ayatul kursi blanket us with the protection of Allah. We have bodyguards always at our service. Just a matter of reciting ayatul kursi with tawakkul. It is amazing how celebs pay hefty sums for such unworthy protection via bodyguards. For us, its special efficient service. Kindly avail for peaceful sleep and travel.

      Liked by 1 person

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