Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem
Jinns are a part of Allah’s makhlooq. Allah created them before humans from smokeless flame of fire (Al Hijr, 26-27). Ibn Abbas said, “It is the smokeless flame that kills.” Abdullah ibn Mas’ud narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wasallam) said that the smokeless flame is one of the seventy parts of the smokeless fire from which Jinns were created (Tafseer ibn Katheer).
Ibn Abbaas, Ikrimah, and others interpret marajin-min-nar, to be the utmost severity of the flame. or to be from the best part of flame. Imam Nawawi mentioned in his explanation to Sahih Muslim that the smokeless flame mixed with blackness of fire (Ibn Katheer).
TYPES OF JINN
There are three types of Jinn (At-Tabarani and Al-Hakim):
· one that can fly,
· one in form of snakes and dogs, and
· one which resides and roams about in a particular locality.
In a narration by Ibn Masood, Prophet (salallahu alayhi wasallam) said that for every human has been appointed a constant jinn companion known as the Qareen (Muslim, 2814) The hadith is a reference to the fitnah caused its whispers.
Allah subhana wa ta’ala has blessed the jinns with certain powers which we come to know via many Qur’anic verses and hadiths. Few of them are-
· Speed: Jinns can move from one place to another very fast. The tale of an ifreet has been narrated in Qur’an who promised Sulayman (alayhis salam) that he would bring the throne of the queen of Sheba to Jerusalem faster than a man gets up from his seat (An-Naml, 39-40).
· Invisibility: Humans cannot see Jinn but they can see us (Al-Ar’af, 27). In Surah Al-A’raf, Allah warns us against the plot of Iblees and his followers. The root of this enmity lies from the time of Adam (alayhi salam). It was the plot of Iblees which expelled Adam (alayhi salam) from Paradise and caused his privates to be uncovered (Ibn Katheer).
· Precedence in matters of space: The Jinns used to approach the heaven to be in contact with it and eavesdrop whatever Allah allowed them to hear from the news of heaven (Al Jinn, 8-9).
· Knowledge in building and other crafts: By Allah’s will Prophet Sulaymaan ruled over Jinns and under his command they constructed structures like Synagogues and statues, basins like wells and boilers built into the ground (Saba, 12-13). It may also be estimated that they have ability to communicate and travel wirelessly (Al-Ashqar, 1998)
· Ability to change forms- Several narrations have been recorded where shaytaan took human forms. In the battle of Badr, shaytaan took form of Suraaqa ibn-Malik and promised victory to the enemies. Allah thereby revealed the following verses- “And when Satan made their deeds seem fair to them and said: No one of mankind can conquer you this day, for I am your protector.” (al-Anfaal, 48).
In a narration by Abu Hurayrah, shaytaan entered his home on two consecutive days to steal only to be caught red handed. On being caught the third time, he plead to be spared and advised Abu Hurayrah to recite Ayatul Kursi each night and a guardian from Allah would guard him. The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wasallam) said that this thief was the shaytaan who told the truth, though he is a liar (Bukhari).
· Ability to flow in blood of humans: An incident has been narrated in the two Sahihs where once two sahabis saw the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wasallam) with his wife and he clarified that it was his wife because shaytaan flows in humans like blood. Thus, shaytaan may cast evil thoughts in their minds.
NO POWER OVER ALLAH’S WORSHIPPERS
Allah mentions in Surah Al-Isra verse 65 that the jinns have no control over His (subhana wa ta’ala) bondsmen. Iblees swore to lead mankind astray except those who are the perfect slaves of Allah (Al-Hijr, 39-40)
Yet, we see Muslims being overpowered by Shaytaan. This happens due to their own sins (Al-Haakim and Al-Baiqahi)
The jinns dwell on earth like mankind. They are usually found in ruins, barren lands and toilets. Thus, the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wasallam) asked us to seek refuge in Allah from male and female jinns when entering toilets (Al-Bukhaari, 142). We also learn that there are both male and female jinns. The Qur’an describes spouses of paradise to be untouched by both men and jinn (Ar-Rahmaan, 60). Like humans, they marry, procreate, have relatives and die. Similarly, there are both muslim and non-muslim jinns (Al-Jinn, 14-15). Additionally, they have different levels of righteousness and taqwa too (Al-Jinn, 11)
CONCLUSION (PROTECTION FROM JINNS)
Since Jinns can see us, while we cannot, the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wasallam) on many occasions asked to seek protection from them. Jinns can cast evil eye on humans. The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wasallam) once saw a maid with a black spot on her face and asked her to be treated by ruqya since a jinn had casted evil eye on her (Bukhari).
The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wasallam) sought protection from jinns by reciting Surah al-Falaq and an-Naas (Tirmidhi 3/266)
Allah says in the Qur’an to seek refuge from shaytaan’s whisperings and from him coming in proximity to us (Al-Mu’minoon, 97-98).
Reciting Bismillah before entering home, entering washrooms, sexual intercourse, meals, changing clothes and drinking water also protects us from them. We have been commanded to bring children indoors, shut doors and water containers with the name of Allah after sunset and to put off lights at bedtime to prevent evil from shayateen (Bukhari 10/88)
Lastly, a person with strong imaan will always overpower a jinn if they were to wrestle. It has been reported by Al-Daarimi (3247) that the shaytaan comes out of the house like a donkey breaking wind and does not return until next morning
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